Safety

Publication Title: 
BMJ clinical evidence

INTRODUCTION: Carpal tunnel syndrome is a neuropathy caused by compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel. However, the severity of symptoms and signs does not often correlate well with the extent of nerve damage. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of drug treatments, non-drug treatments, surgical treatments, and postoperative treatments for carpal tunnel syndrome?

Author(s): 
Ashworth, Nigel L.
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

OBJECTIVE: Although there is a growing interest in the use of acupuncture during pregnancy, the safety of acupuncture is yet to be rigorously investigated. The objective of this review is to identify adverse events (AEs) associated with acupuncture treatment during pregnancy. METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED) and five Korean databases up to February 2013.

Author(s): 
Park, Jimin
Sohn, Youngjoo
White, Adrian R.
Lee, Hyangsook
Publication Title: 
JMIR research protocols

BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP), a childhood disease of high morbidity and serious harmfulness, has no effective therapies to completely relieve the associated pain. Acupuncture has been used widely in China to alleviate several CP symptoms, such as pain and motion disorders, despite the deficiency of high-quality evidence related to this practice. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review protocol is to assess the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for the treatment of children with CP.

Author(s): 
Guo, Taipin
Zhu, Bowen
Zhang, Qian
Yang, Yejiao
He, Qi
Zhang, Xinghe
Tai, Xiantao
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

Several systematic reviews suggest that acupuncture is effective for knee osteoarthritis (OA), and furthermore a safe and cost-effective treatment for this condition. A recent clinical practice guideline (CPG) from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), in the United Kingdom, recommended against the use of acupuncture on the grounds that the effect size (ES) in comparison with sham acupuncture is too small. Safety data were not considered in the review, in addition the levels of evidence for acupuncture against other recommended therapies were not compared.

Author(s): 
Birch, Stephen
Lee, Myeong Soo
Robinson, Nicola
Alraek, Terje
Publication Title: 
Neural Regeneration Research

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of filiform needle acupuncture for poststroke depression, and to compare acupuncture with the therapeutic efficacy of antidepressant drugs. DATA RETRIEVAL: We retrieved data from the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (1979-2012), Wanfang (1980-2012), VIP (1989-2012), Chinese Biomedical Literature (1975-2012), PubMed (1966-2012), Ovid Lww (-2012), and Cochrane Library (-2012) Database using the internet.

Author(s): 
Zhang, Jiping
Chen, Jing
Chen, Junqi
Li, Xiaohui
Lai, Xueyan
Zhang, Shaoqun
Wang, Shengxu
Publication Title: 
The Permanente Journal

INTRODUCTION: Theoretically, acupuncture in anticoagulated patients could increase bleeding risk. However, precise estimates of bleeding complication rates from acupuncture in anticoagulated patients have not been systematically examined. OBJECTIVE: To critically evaluate evidence for safety of acupuncture in anticoagulated patients. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and Google Scholar. RESULTS: Of 39 potentially relevant citations, 11 met inclusion criteria: 2 randomized trials, 4 case series, and 5 case reports.

Author(s): 
McCulloch, Michael
Nachat, Arian
Schwartz, Jonathan
Casella-Gordon, Vicki
Cook, Joseph
Publication Title: 
Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica

BACKGROUND: Acupuncture within pregnancy has frequently been investigated, often finding this to be more effective than standard care. However, the adverse event severity, types and occurrence are unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the quality of reporting adverse events and to attempt to identify occurrence, type and severity of adverse events in acupuncture and non-acupuncture groups. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) were searched for relevant studies between 2000 and 2014.

Author(s): 
Clarkson, Carl E.
O'mahony, Deborah
Jones, Diana E.
Publication Title: 
Ancient Science of Life

INTRODUCTION: Ayurvedic formulations usually contain ingredients of herbal, mineral, metal or animal in origin. N?ga bhasma (lead calx) is a potent metallic formulation mainly indicated in the treatment of Prameha (~diabetes). Until date, no published information is available in compiled form on the formulations containing N?ga bhasma as an ingredient, their dose and indications. Therefore, in the present study, an attempt has been made to compile various formulations of N?ga bhasma indicated in treating Prameha.

Author(s): 
Rajput, Dhirajsingh
Patgiri, B. J.
Galib, R.
Prajapati, P. K.
Publication Title: 
Cancer Treatment and Research
Author(s): 
Cobleigh, M. A.
Publication Title: 
Family & Community Health

This article situates women's roles in community health care during violence in Uganda in the 1970s. It examines the lived reality of Catholic missionary sister nurses, midwives, and physicians on the ground where sisters administered health care to local communities. The goal is to examine how religious women worked with local individuals and families in community health during periods of violence and war. Catholic sisters claimed to be apolitical, yet their mission work widened to include political issues.

Author(s): 
Reckart, Madeline
Wall, Barbra Mann

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