Schizophrenia

Publication Title: 
Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie

BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia frequently undergo a disturbance of body experience. This can occur during an acute psychotic phase or during a period of remission. AIM: To investigate the scientific evidence of the effects of introducing body-directed techniques into psychomotor therapy for patients with schizophrenia. METHOD: PubMed, PEDro, CINAHL, psycINFO and SPORTDiscus were searched form 1 January, 2000, tot 1 January 2011, for reports of randomised controlled trials, controlled clinical trials and for studies wit a different design.

Author(s): 
Vancampfort, D.
Probst, M.
Knapen, J.
Demunter, H.
Peuskens, J.
de Hert, M.
Publication Title: 
Physical Therapy

BACKGROUND: Although schizophrenia is the fifth leading cause of disability-adjusted life years worldwide in people aged 15 to 44 years, the clinical evidence of physical therapy as a complementary treatment remains largely unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to systematically review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effectiveness of physical therapy for people with schizophrenia.

Author(s): 
Vancampfort, Davy
Probst, Michel
Helvik Skjaerven, Liv
Catalán-Matamoros, Daniel
Lundvik-Gyllensten, Amanda
Gómez-Conesa, Antonia
Ijntema, Rutger
De Hert, Marc
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: The health benefits of physical activity and exercise are well documented and these effects could help people with schizophrenia. OBJECTIVES: To determine the mental health effects of exercise/physical activity programmes for people with schizophrenia or schizophrenia-like illnesses. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group Trials Register (December 2008) which is based on regular searches of CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE and PsycINFO. We also inspected references within relevant papers.

Author(s): 
Gorczynski, Paul
Faulkner, Guy
Publication Title: 
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses

Over half of psychiatric patients use some kind of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, with Mind-Body Medicine (MBM) being the most commonly used collective modality. To date however, to our knowledge, no overarching review exists examining MBM for psychotic disorders. Thus the purpose of this paper is to present the first review in this area. A MEDLINE search was conducted of articles written in English from 1946 up to January 15, 2011 using a range of MBM and psychotic disorder search terms.

Author(s): 
Helgason, Chanel
Sarris, Jerome
Publication Title: 
BMC psychiatry

BACKGROUND: The aim of this review was to systematically review and meta-analyze the effects of yoga on symptoms of schizophrenia, quality of life, function, and hospitalization in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: MEDLINE/Pubmed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, PsycInfo, and IndMED were screened through August 2012. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing yoga to usual care or non-pharmacological interventions were analyzed when they assessed symptoms or quality of life in patients with schizophrenia.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Lauche, Romy
Klose, Petra
Langhorst, Jost
Dobos, Gustav
Publication Title: 
Psychiatry Research

This systematic review summarizes the most recent evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) considering the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions (aerobic exercises, strength exercises, relaxation training, basic body awareness exercises, or a combination of these) within the multidisciplinary management of schizophrenia. Two authors searched PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Web of Science, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), and the Cochrane Library considering RCTs published from July 1, 2011-October 1, 2014.

Author(s): 
Vera-Garcia, Elisa
Mayoral-Cleries, Fermín
Vancampfort, Davy
Stubbs, Brendon
Cuesta-Vargas, Antonio I.
Publication Title: 
Schizophrenia Bulletin

BACKGROUND: Physical exercise may be valuable for patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders as it may have beneficial effect on clinical symptoms, quality of life and cognition. METHODS: A systematic search was performed using PubMed (Medline), Embase, PsychInfo, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Controlled and uncontrolled studies investigating the effect of any type of physical exercise interventions in schizophrenia spectrum disorders were included. Outcome measures were clinical symptoms, quality of life, global functioning, depression or cognition.

Author(s): 
Dauwan, Meenakshi
Begemann, Marieke J. H.
Heringa, Sophie M.
Sommer, Iris E.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

OBJECTIVE: To determine effects of physical activity on depressive symptoms (primary objective), symptoms of schizophrenia, anthropometric measures, aerobic capacity, and quality of life (secondary objectives) in people with mental illness and explore between-study heterogeneity. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Embase, and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) were searched from earliest record to 2013.

Author(s): 
Rosenbaum, Simon
Tiedemann, Anne
Sherrington, Catherine
Curtis, Jackie
Ward, Philip B.
Publication Title: 
Frontiers in Psychiatry

BACKGROUND: The demand for clinically efficacious, safe, patient acceptable, and cost-effective forms of treatment for mental illness is growing. Several studies have demonstrated benefit from yoga in specific psychiatric symptoms and a general sense of well-being. OBJECTIVE: To systematically examine the evidence for efficacy of yoga in the treatment of selected major psychiatric disorders.

Author(s): 
Balasubramaniam, Meera
Telles, Shirley
Doraiswamy, P. Murali
Publication Title: 
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of yoga as a complementary treatment on general psychopathology, positive and negative symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQL) for people with schizophrenia. METHOD: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were considered whether they investigated a yoga intervention in patients with schizophrenia. The selection of studies, data extraction and quality assessment were performed independently by two reviewers. RESULTS: Only three RCTs met the inclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
Vancampfort, D.
Vansteelandt, K.
Scheewe, T.
Probst, M.
Knapen, J.
De Herdt, A.
de Hert, M.

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