The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
OBJECTIVE: We reviewed the efficacy of occupational therapy-related interventions for adults with rheumatoid arthritis. METHOD: We examined 51 Level I studies (19 physical activity, 32 psychoeducational) published 2000-2014 and identified from five databases. Interventions that focused solely on the upper or lower extremities were not included. RESULTS: Findings related to key outcomes (activities of daily living, ability, pain, fatigue, depression, self-efficacy, disease symptoms) are presented. Strong evidence supports the use of aerobic exercise, resistive exercise, and aquatic therapy.
HEC forum: an interdisciplinary journal on hospitals' ethical and legal issues
In this paper, I will argue that there is a deep connection between home-based care, technology, and the self. Providing the means for persons (especially older persons) to receive care at home is not merely a kindness that respects their preference to be at home: it is an important means of extending their selfhood and respecting the unique selves that they are.
Findings from needs assessments and abandonment studies point to issues with health care providers, particularly in their ability to listen to the needs of the consumer and important others regarding AT-EI. Professionals need to listen to what people are telling them or, in many cases, what they are not telling them. Actions and nonverbal messages can speak very loudly. Strategies to communicate and collaborate with consumers need to be developed.
Basic objectives of arthritis therapy are to reduce musculoskeletal pain, slow progression of disease, maintain and improve function and quality of life, and avoid adverse drug reactions. Both nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic approaches may be taken. The former include patient education, cognitive therapy, high-intensity progressive-resistance or strength training, weight control, cold therapy, heat, massage, relaxation and distraction techniques.