Severity of Illness Index

Publication Title: 
The Medical Journal of Australia

OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence for the effectiveness of complementary and self-help treatments for anxiety disorders. DATA SOURCES: Systematic literature search using PubMed, PsycLit, and the Cochrane Library. DATA SYNTHESIS: 108 treatments were identified and grouped under the categories of medicines and homoeopathic remedies, physical treatments, lifestyle, and dietary changes.

Author(s): 
Jorm, Anthony F.
Christensen, Helen
Griffiths, Kathleen M.
Parslow, Ruth A.
Rodgers, Bryan
Blewitt, Kelly A.
Publication Title: 
EuroIntervention: Journal of EuroPCR in Collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology

Many patients will experience a return of symptoms after their initial revascularisation procedure necessitating secondary revascularisation (SR). The options for this second procedure are inherently influenced by the primary method adopted for revascularisation. Patients with single vessel disease are most suited to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for both primary and secondary revascularisation.

Author(s): 
Garg, Scot
Serruys, Patrick W.
Publication Title: 
Rheumatology (Oxford, England)

OBJECTIVE: To critically review the evidence on the effectiveness of complementary therapies for patients with RA. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials, published in English up to May 2011, were identified using systematic searches of bibliographic databases and searching of reference lists. Information was extracted on outcomes and statistical significance in comparison with alternative treatments and reported side effects. The methodological quality of the identified studies was determined using the Jadad scoring system.

Author(s): 
Macfarlane, Gary J.
Paudyal, Priya
Doherty, Michael
Ernst, Edzard
Lewith, George
MacPherson, Hugh
Sim, Julius
Jones, Gareth T.
Arthritis Research UK Working Group on Complementary and Alternative Therapies for the Management of the Rheumatic Diseases
Publication Title: 
Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pain is a significant concern in people with chronic wounds. A systematized approach is recommended for the management of wound-associated pain with the objectives to address pain relief, increase function, and restore overall quality of life. RECENT FINDINGS: Combinations of pharmacological agents are often recommended based on varying degree of pain severity, coexisting nociceptive and neuropathic pain, and chronic inflammation related to wound-associated pain.

Author(s): 
Woo, Kevin Y.
Abbott, Laura K.
Librach, Lawrence
Publication Title: 
Current Medical Research and Opinion

OBJECTIVE: This review addresses the relationship between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and substance use disorders (SUDs), with an emphasis on factors that determine the potential for psychostimulant abuse. Strategies for identification and treatment of patients with ADHD who are at risk for, or have, co-morbid SUD are also addressed. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The article was based on a qualitative review of current literature addressing co-morbid ADHD and SUD.

Author(s): 
Kollins, Scott H.
Publication Title: 
Rheumatology International

The objectives of the study were identification, quality evaluation and summary of RCTs on complementary and alternative medicine as defined by the National Institute of Health with the exception of dietary and nutritional supplements. A computerized search of databases from 1990 (year of publication of the ACR criteria for fibromyalgia) to July 2007 was performed. The RCTs were assessed by a methodological quality score.

Author(s): 
Baranowsky, Julia
Klose, Petra
Musial, Frauke
Häuser, Winfried
Haeuser, Winfried
Dobos, Gustav
Langhorst, Jost
Publication Title: 
Psychosomatic Medicine

OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) is a clinical program, developed to facilitate adaptation to medical illness, which provides systematic training in mindfulness meditation as a self-regulatory approach to stress reduction and emotion management. There has been widespread and growing use of this approach within medical settings in the last 20 years, and many claims have been made regarding its efficacy. This article will provide a critical evaluation of the available state of knowledge regarding MBSR and suggestions for future research.

Author(s): 
Bishop, Scott R.
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is frequently used for pain conditions. While systematic reviews on MBSR for chronic pain have been conducted, there are no reviews for specific pain conditions. Therefore a systematic review of the effectiveness of MBSR in low back pain was performed. METHODS: MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CAMBASE, and PsycInfo were screened through November 2011. The search strategy combined keywords for MBSR with keywords for low back pain.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Haller, Heidemarie
Lauche, Romy
Dobos, Gustav
Publication Title: 
Explore (New York, N.Y.)

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: A growing body of literature suggests that mindfulness techniques may be beneficial in fibromyalgia. A recent systematic review and meta-analysis of six trials indicated improvement in depressive symptoms and quality of life, calling for increased rigor and use of standardized measures in future trials. The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between mindfulness [as measured by the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ)] and fibromyalgia impact [as measured by the Revised Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQR)].

Author(s): 
Jones, Kim D.
Mist, Scott D.
Casselberry, Marie A.
Ali, Ather
Christopher, Michael S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

OBJECTIVE: Although mindfulness-based therapy has become a popular treatment, little is known about its efficacy. Therefore, our objective was to conduct an effect size analysis of this popular intervention for anxiety and mood symptoms in clinical samples. METHOD: We conducted a literature search using PubMed, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, and manual searches.

Author(s): 
Hofmann, Stefan G.
Sawyer, Alice T.
Witt, Ashley A.
Oh, Diana

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