Publication Title: 
Journal of Sports Sciences

Our understanding of the relationship between physical activity and health is constantly evolving. Therefore, the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences convened a panel of experts to review the literature and produce guidelines that health professionals might use. In the ABC of Physical Activity for Health, A is for All healthy adults, B is for Beginners, and C is for Conditioned individuals.

O'Donovan, Gary
Blazevich, Anthony J.
Boreham, Colin
Cooper, Ashley R.
Crank, Helen
Ekelund, Ulf
Fox, Kenneth R.
Gately, Paul
Giles-Corti, Billie
Gill, Jason M. R.
Hamer, Mark
McDermott, Ian
Murphy, Marie
Mutrie, Nanette
Reilly, John J.
Saxton, John M.
Stamatakis, Emmanuel
Publication Title: 
Klinische Monatsblatter Fur Augenheilkunde

Traumatic changes in the iridocorneal angle, e.g. in ball sports, can lead to secondary glaucoma. High intensity resistance exercise or yoga exercises - such as the headstand - can increase IOP, and deterioration in the visual field and acute narrow angle glaucoma attacks have been described in some case reports. Glaucoma therapy of professional athletes with steroids, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors and beta-blockers can result in positive doping tests.

Rüfer, F.
Publication Title: 
Annual Review of Nutrition
Buskirk, E. R.
Publication Title: 
World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Goldbourt, U.
Publication Title: 
Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Osawa, S.
Publication Title: 
Medical Hypotheses

Secular growth has been occurring in Europe for about 150 years. In the USA, since 1900, each new generation has increased by an average of 1in (2.54cm) in height and about 10lb (4.54kg) in weight. This trend has generally been viewed as favorable and tallness is admired, with the current ideal height for a man in the Western world being 6ft 2in (188cm). The Japanese have increased in height since the end of the Second World War by about 5in (12.7cm) in height and the Chinese have been growing at the rate of 2.54cm/decade since the 1950s.

Samaras, T. T.
Storms, L. H.
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Sports Medicine
McCrory, P.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

People are optimistic about their prospects relative to others. However, existing studies can be difficult to interpret because outcomes are not zero-sum. For example, one person avoiding cancer does not necessitate that another person develops cancer. Ideally, optimism bias would be evaluated within a closed formal system to establish with certainty the extent of the bias and the associated environmental factors, such that optimism bias is demonstrated when a population is internally inconsistent.

Love, Bradley C.
Kope?, ?ukasz
Guest, Olivia
Publication Title: 

This study uses a vignette-based survey design to examine the relationship between both respondent-level and case-level characteristics and the acceptability of violence in dating relationships. Measures of sports participation, competitiveness, and the need to win (respondent characteristics) were administered to 661 male and female late adolescents. Participants also rated the acceptability of violence portrayed in a series of couple interaction vignettes varying along three dimensions: initiator act, recipient reaction, and initator-recipient gender combinations (case characteristics).

Merten, Michael J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Homosexuality

Based on interviews with Norwegian athletes living as lesbians, gays and bisexuals, this article investigates the possible subversive effect of queer visibility in sport. While female athletes living as lesbians sometimes create queer alternative spaces within mainstream sport contexts, male athletes acting openly as homosexuals challenge heteronormative discourses by attempting to disrupt hegemonic beliefs about homosexual behavior. The sexual practices of both groups confirm as well as challenge the laws of heteronormativity.

Eng, Heidi


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