Therapy, Computer-Assisted

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: It is estimated that up to 75% of cancer survivors may experience cognitive impairment as a result of cancer treatment and given the increasing size of the cancer survivor population, the number of affected people is set to rise considerably in coming years. There is a need, therefore, to identify effective, non-pharmacological interventions for maintaining cognitive function or ameliorating cognitive impairment among people with a previous cancer diagnosis.

Author(s): 
Treanor, Charlene J.
McMenamin, Una C.
O'Neill, Roisin F.
Cardwell, Chris R.
Clarke, Mike J.
Cantwell, Marie
Donnelly, Michael
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to stress has been linked to several negative physiological and psychological health outcomes. Among employees, stress and its associated effects can also result in productivity losses and higher healthcare costs. In-person (face-to-face) and computer-based (web- and mobile-based) stress management interventions have been shown to be effective in reducing stress in employees compared to no intervention. However, it is unclear if one form of intervention delivery is more effective than the other.

Author(s): 
Kuster, Anootnara Talkul
Dalsbø, Therese K.
Luong Thanh, Bao Yen
Agarwal, Arnav
Durand-Moreau, Quentin V.
Kirkehei, Ingvild
Publication Title: 
Journal of Affective Disorders

BACKGROUND: Little is known about which participant characteristics determine the effectiveness of various types of cognitive behavior therapy for sub-threshold depression. The aim of this study was to investigate which characteristics predict treatment outcome of group and internet-based interventions for sub-threshold depression, with a special focus on (i) the five main personality factors, and (ii) their different predictive power in the different types of treatment.

Author(s): 
Spek, Viola
Nyklícek, Ivan
Cuijpers, Pim
Pop, Victor
Publication Title: 
Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics

The pain associated with burn injuries is intense, unremitting and often exacerbated by anxiety, depression and other complicating patient factors. On top of this, modern burn care involves the repetitive performance - often on a daily basis for weeks to months - of painful and anxiety-provoking procedures that create additional treatment-related pain, such as wound care, dressing changes and rehabilitation activities.

Author(s): 
Sharar, Sam R.
Miller, William
Teeley, Aubriana
Soltani, Maryam
Hoffman, Hunter G.
Jensen, Mark P.
Patterson, David R.
Publication Title: 
Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering

This paper presents an efficient computer control technique for regulation of anesthesia in humans. The anesthetic used is propofol and the objective is to control the degree of hypnosis of the patient. The paper describes the basic hardware/software setup of the system and the closed-loop methodologies. The bispectral index (BIS) is considered as the feedback signal. The control methods proposed here are based in the use of proportional integral controllers with dead-time compensation to avoid undesirable oscillations in the BIS signal during the process.

Author(s): 
Méndez, Juan Albino
Torres, Santiago
Reboso, José Antonio
Reboso, Héctor
Publication Title: 
Journal of Medical Internet Research

BACKGROUND: Concurrent with their enrollment in Web-based Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs), participants can easily choose to use treatment programs that are not assigned in the study. The prevalence of using non-assigned treatments is largely unknown although it is likely to be related to the extent to which non-assigned treatments are: (a) easy to find and use, (b) low in cost, (c) well publicized, and (d) available from trusted sources. The impact of using other programs--both beneficial and detrimental--warrants additional research investigation.

Author(s): 
Danaher, Brian G.
Lichtenstein, Edward
McKay, H. Garth
Seeley, John R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing

We report a case during which it was simultaneously recorded usual Bispectral Index (BIS) values and elevated suppression ratio (SR) during resuscitation maneuvers. A 52-year-old woman, scheduled for a suspension laryngoscopy, required cardio-pulmonary resuscitation due to an anaphylactic shock secondary to the administration of succinylcholine. Post-crisis analysis of the BIS trace showed both BIS numbers consistent with an adequate level hypnosis and an increase in SR. Simultaneous hypnotic BIS values and an elevated SR is striking as SR quantifies electroenceph- alographic suppression.

Author(s): 
Declerck, Agnes
Liu, Ngai
Chazot, Thierry
Fischler, Marc
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

Ayurvedic oil-dripping treatment, Shirodhara, involves the use of medicated herbal sesame oils. In our previous reports, we found that Shirodhara with plain sesame oil induced anxiolysis and an altered state of consciousness (ASC) in healthy subjects. We studied the pharmaco-physio-psychologic effect of Shirodhara with medicated sesame oil including an essential oil from Lavendula angustifolia (lavender) in the present study.

Author(s): 
Xu, Fenghao
Uebaba, Kazuo
Ogawa, Hiroko
Tatsuse, Takeshi
Wang, Bing-Hong
Hisajima, Tatsuya
Venkatraman, Sonia
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the psychoneuroimmunologic changes achieved by Shirodhara, an Ayurvedic treatment, characterized by dripping oil on the forehead, in a randomized, controlled protocol involving a novel approach using a robotic system. METHODS: In the first experiment for the determination of the most appropriate conditions of Shirodhara, 16 healthy females (33 +/- 9 years old) underwent a 30-minute treatment.

Author(s): 
Uebaba, Kazuo
Xu, Feng-Hao
Ogawa, Hiroko
Tatsuse, Takashi
Wang, Bing-Hong
Hisajima, Tatsuya
Venkatraman, Sonia
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

Ayurvedic oil-dripping treatment, Shirodhara, involves the use of medicated herbal sesame oils. In our previous reports, we found that Shirodhara with plain sesame oil induced anxiolysis and an altered state of consciousness (ASC) in healthy subjects. We studied the pharmaco-physio-psychologic effect of Shirodhara with medicated sesame oil including an essential oil from Lavendula angustifolia (lavender) in the present study.

Author(s): 
Xu, Fenghao
Uebaba, Kazuo
Ogawa, Hiroko
Tatsuse, Takeshi
Wang, Bing-Hong
Hisajima, Tatsuya
Venkatraman, Sonia

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