Traditional Chinese Medicine

Publication Title: 
JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

REVIEW QUESTION/OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review is to explore the experiences and perceptions of persons living with HIV who participate in mind-body and energy therapies. The review will focus on the use of mind-body medicine and energy therapies that include meditation, prayer, mental healing, Tai Chi, yoga, art therapy, music therapy, dance therapy, Qigong, reiki, therapeutic touch, healing touch and electromagnetic therapy.

Author(s): 
Bremner, Marie
Blake, Barbara
Stiles, Cheryl
Publication Title: 
Psychophysiology

We aimed to unravel the clinical benefits and the plausible underlying psychophysiological mechanism based on available randomized controlled trials (RCTs).

Author(s): 
Ng, Bobby H. P.
Tsang, Hector W. H.
Publication Title: 
JBI library of systematic reviews

REVIEW QUESTION/OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review is to synthesise the best available evidence on the effectiveness of physical leisure time activities on glycaemic control in adult patients with diabetes type 2.The specific review question is:What is the effectiveness of physical leisure time activities on glycaemic control in patients with diabetes type 2? BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes results from the body's ineffective use of insulin.

Author(s): 
Pai, Lee-Wen
Chang, Pi-Ying
Chen, Wei
Hwu, Yueh-Juen
Lai, Chia-Hsiang
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to quantitatively assess the effectiveness of self-practiced qigong for treatment of essential hypertension. METHODS: Six major electronic databases were searched up to July 2006 to retrieve any potential randomized controlled trials designed to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of self-practiced qigong for essential hypertension reported in any language, with main outcome measures as systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP).

Author(s): 
Guo, Xinfeng
Zhou, Bin
Nishimura, Tsutomu
Teramukai, Satoshi
Fukushima, Masanori
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors experience numerous disease and treatment-related adverse outcomes and poorer health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Exercise interventions are hypothesized to alleviate these adverse outcomes. HRQoL and its domains are important measures for cancer survivorship. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise on overall HRQoL and HRQoL domains among adult post-treatment cancer survivors.

Author(s): 
Mishra, Shiraz I.
Scherer, Roberta W.
Geigle, Paula M.
Berlanstein, Debra R.
Topaloglu, Ozlem
Gotay, Carolyn C.
Snyder, Claire
Publication Title: 
Western Journal of Nursing Research

Initiation and maintenance of physical activity (PA) in older adults is of increasing concern as the benefits of PA have been shown to improve physical functioning, mood, weight, and cardiovascular risk factors. Meditative movement forms of PA, such as tai chi and qigong (TC & QG), are holistic in nature and have increased in popularity over the past few decades. Several randomized controlled trials have evaluated TC & QG interventions from multiple perspectives, specifically targeting older adults.

Author(s): 
Rogers, Carol E.
Larkey, Linda K.
Keller, Colleen
Publication Title: 
European Spine Journal: Official Publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society

PURPOSE: To develop an evidence-based guideline for the management of grades I-III neck pain and associated disorders (NAD). METHODS: This guideline is based on recent systematic reviews of high-quality studies. A multidisciplinary expert panel considered the evidence of effectiveness, safety, cost-effectiveness, societal and ethical values, and patient experiences (obtained from qualitative research) when formulating recommendations. Target audience includes clinicians; target population is adults with grades I-III NAD <6 months duration.

Author(s): 
Côté, Pierre
Wong, Jessica J.
Sutton, Deborah
Shearer, Heather M.
Mior, Silvano
Randhawa, Kristi
Ameis, Arthur
Carroll, Linda J.
Nordin, Margareta
Yu, Hainan
Lindsay, Gail M.
Southerst, Danielle
Varatharajan, Sharanya
Jacobs, Craig
Stupar, Maja
Taylor-Vaisey, Anne
van der Velde, Gabrielle
Gross, Douglas P.
Brison, Robert J.
Paulden, Mike
Ammendolia, Carlo
David Cassidy, J.
Loisel, Patrick
Marshall, Shawn
Bohay, Richard N.
Stapleton, John
Lacerte, Michel
Krahn, Murray
Salhany, Roger
Publication Title: 
Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To systematically summarize the evidence for the effects of martial arts on health and fitness, to show the strengths of different types of martial arts, and to get a more complete picture of the impacts of martial arts on health, and also to provide a basis for future research on martial arts as an exercise prescription in exercise therapy. METHOD: We searched for "martial arts"health" and "random" in eight databases (n= 5432). Randomized controlled trials and controlled clinical trials on the health effects of martial arts were included in the study.

Author(s): 
Bu, Bin
Haijun, Han
Yong, Liu
Chaohui, Zhang
Xiaoyuan, Yang
Singh, Maria Fiatarone
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sleep disorders are one of the most common difficulties facing older people. Meditative movement interventions (MMIs), a new category of exercise integrating physical activity and meditation (e.g., t'ai chi, yoga, and qigong), may benefit older people with sleep problems. This systematic review synthesized the evidence on the effect of MMIs on older people's quality of sleep.

Author(s): 
Wu, Wei-Wei
Kwong, Enid
Lan, Xiu-Yan
Jiang, Xiao-Ying
Publication Title: 
Frontiers in Psychiatry

This review focuses on Meditative Movement (MM) and its effects on anxiety, depression, and other affective states. MM is a term identifying forms of exercise that use movement in conjunction with meditative attention to body sensations, including proprioception, interoception, and kinesthesis. MM includes the traditional Chinese methods of Qigong (Chi Kung) and Taijiquan (Tai Chi), some forms of Yoga, and other Asian practices, as well as Western Somatic practices; however this review focuses primarily on Qigong and Taijiquan.

Author(s): 
Payne, Peter
Crane-Godreau, Mardi A.

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