Waist Circumference

Publication Title: 
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology

Background Metabolic syndrome is the most important risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this review was to systematically assess and perform a meta-analysis of the effects of yoga on the parameters of metabolic syndrome. Methods MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and IndMED were searched and screened from their inception through to 8 March 2016 for randomised controlled trials on yoga for patients with metabolic syndrome. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Langhorst, Jost
Dobos, Gustav
Lauche, Romy
Publication Title: 
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The prevalence of colonic diverticulosis in Korea is increasing in conjunction with the adoption of western dietary pattern, extension of lifespan, and advances in diagnostic modalities. The clinical characteristics of colonic diverticulosis seem to be gradually becoming similar to those of Western societies. Therefore, factors associated with the clinical characteristics of colonic diverticulosis in Korea were investigated.

Author(s): 
Kim, Sun Young
Kim, You Sun
Kim, Hyun Tae
Kwon, Sun Ok
Oh, Myoung Ki
Cha, In Hye
Ok, Kyeong Sam
Kwak, Cheol Hun
Kim, Jin Nam
Moon, Jeong Seop
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

BACKGROUND: Identification of gene variants that contribute to exceptional survival may provide critical biologic information that informs optimal health across the life span. METHODS: As part of phenotype development efforts for the Long Life Family Study, endophenotypes that represent exceptional survival were identified and heritability estimates were calculated. Principal components (PCs) analysis was carried out using 28 physiologic measurements from five trait domains (cardiovascular, cognition, physical function, pulmonary, and metabolic).

Author(s): 
Matteini, Amy M.
Fallin, M. Daniele
Kammerer, Candace M.
Schupf, Nicole
Yashin, Anatoli I.
Christensen, Kaare
Arbeev, Konstantin G.
Barr, Graham
Mayeux, Richard
Newman, Anne B.
Walston, Jeremy D.
Publication Title: 
Nutrition Research (New York, N.Y.)

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a group behavior change intervention involving self-selected, contextualized, and mediated goal setting on anthropometric, affective, and dietary markers of health. It was hypothesized that the intervention would elicit changes consistent with accepted health recommendations for obese individuals. A rolling program of 12-week "Small Changes" interventions during 24 months recruited 71 participants; each program accommodated 10 to 13 adults (body mass index [BMI] ? 30 kg/m≤). Fifty-eight participants completed Small Changes.

Author(s): 
Paxman, Jenny R.
Hall, Anna C.
Harden, Charlotte J.
O'Keeffe, Jean
Simper, Trevor N.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Public Health

OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether, over time, baseline obesity is associated with change in depressive symptoms or if baseline symptoms of depression are associated with change in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference. METHODS: We used latent growth curve modeling to examine data from years 5, 10, 15, and 20 of the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study (n = 4643). We assessed depressive symptomatology with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale.

Author(s): 
Needham, Belinda L.
Epel, Elissa S.
Adler, Nancy E.
Kiefe, Catarina
Publication Title: 
Clinical Epigenetics

BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in the hypertriglyceridemic waist (HTGW) phenotype, defined as high waist circumference (?95†cm in males and ?80†cm in females) combined with high serum triglyceride concentration (?2.0†mmol/L in males and ?1.5†mmol/L in females) as a marker of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease. However, the prevalence of this phenotype in high-risk populations, its association with T2D, and the genetic or epigenetic influences on HTGW are not well explored.

Author(s): 
Mamtani, Manju
Kulkarni, Hemant
Dyer, Thomas D.
Gˆring, Harald H. H.
Neary, Jennifer L.
Cole, Shelley A.
Kent, Jack W.
Kumar, Satish
Glahn, David C.
Mahaney, Michael C.
Comuzzie, Anthony G.
Almasy, Laura
Curran, Joanne E.
Duggirala, Ravindranath
Blangero, John
Carless, Melanie A.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics: The Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of yoga therapy on glucose metabolism and blood lipid values in adolescent girls with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: A prospective, randomized, interventional controlled trial recruited 90 adolescents aged between 15 and 18 years who met the Rotterdam criteria for PCOS. A yoga group practiced suryanamaskara, asanas, pranayama, and meditation 1 hour per day each day for 12 weeks while another group practiced conventional physical exercises. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare score changes between the 2 groups.

Author(s): 
Nidhi, Ram
Padmalatha, Venkatram
Nagarathna, Raghuram
Ram, Amritanshu
Publication Title: 
Menopause (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: Regular and continuous yoga exercise is one of the most important nonpharmacological methods of improving serum lipid concentrations, adipose tissue, and metabolic syndrome factors. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of yoga exercise on serum adiponectin and metabolic syndrome factors in obese postmenopausal Korean women. METHODS: Sixteen healthy postmenopausal women aged 54.50 ± 2.75 years with more than 36% body fat were randomly assigned to either a yoga exercise group (n = 8) or to a "no exercise" control group (n = 8).

Author(s): 
Lee, Jeong-Ah
Kim, Jong-Won
Kim, Do-Yeon
Publication Title: 
Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental

Adiponectin, a protein secreted by adipose tissue, has antiatherogenic, anti-inflammatory, and insulin-sensitizing actions. We examined the relationship between plasma adiponectin and adiposity, insulin resistance, plasma lipids, glucose, leptin, and anthropometric measurements in 316 adult men and 353 adult women Yup'ik Eskimos in Southwest Alaska.

Author(s): 
Goropashnaya, Anna V.
Herron, Johanna
Sexton, Mary
Havel, Peter J.
Stanhope, Kimber L.
Plaetke, Rosemarie
Mohatt, Gerald V.
Boyer, Bert B.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: The Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association

BACKGROUND: Phytochemicals are bioactive nutrients that help reduce disease risk. A high intake of these compounds is important for optimal health and prevention of disease, but quantification of these nutrients in vivo is costly and time consuming.

Author(s): 
Vincent, H. K.
Bourguignon, C. M.
Taylor, A. G.

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