Whiplash Injuries

Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to develop a clinical practice guideline on the management of neck pain-associated disorders (NADs) and whiplash-associated disorders (WADs). This guideline replaces 2 prior chiropractic guidelines on NADs and WADs. METHODS: Pertinent systematic reviews on 6 topic areas (education, multimodal care, exercise, work disability, manual therapy, passive modalities) were assessed using A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) and data extracted from admissible randomized controlled trials.

Author(s): 
Bussières, André E.
Stewart, Gregory
Al-Zoubi, Fadi
Decina, Philip
Descarreaux, Martin
Hayden, Jill
Hendrickson, Brenda
Hincapié, Cesar
Pagé, Isabelle
Passmore, Steven
Srbely, John
Stupar, Maja
Weisberg, Joel
Ornelas, Joseph
Publication Title: 
The Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: In 2008, the Neck Pain Task Force (NPTF) recommended exercise for the management of neck pain and whiplash-associated disorders (WAD). However, no evidence was available on the effectiveness of exercise for Grade III neck pain or WAD. Moreover, limited evidence was available to contrast the effectiveness of various types of exercises. PURPOSE: To update the findings of the NPTF on the effectiveness of exercise for the management of neck pain and WAD grades I to III. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Systematic review and best evidence synthesis.

Author(s): 
Southerst, Danielle
Nordin, Margareta C.
Côté, Pierre
Shearer, Heather M.
Varatharajan, Sharanya
Yu, Hainan
Wong, Jessica J.
Sutton, Deborah A.
Randhawa, Kristi A.
van der Velde, Gabrielle M.
Mior, Silvano A.
Carroll, Linda J.
Jacobs, Craig L.
Taylor-Vaisey, Anne L.
Publication Title: 
The Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: In 2008, the lack of published evidence prevented the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders (Neck Pain Task Force [NPTF]) from commenting on the effectiveness of psychological interventions for the management of neck pain. PURPOSE: This study aimed to update findings of the NPTF and evaluate the effectiveness of psychological interventions for the management of neck pain and associated disorders (NAD) or whiplash-associated disorders (WAD). STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: This study used systematic review and best-evidence synthesis.

Author(s): 
Shearer, Heather M.
Carroll, Linda J.
Wong, Jessica J.
Côté, Pierre
Varatharajan, Sharanya
Southerst, Danielle
Sutton, Deborah A.
Randhawa, Kristi A.
Yu, Hainan
Mior, Silvano A.
van der Velde, Gabrielle M.
Nordin, Margareta C.
Stupar, Maja
Taylor-Vaisey, Anne L.
Publication Title: 
Manual Therapy

BACKGROUND: Neck pain (NP) is disabling and costly. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of exercise on pain, disability, function, patient satisfaction, quality of life (QoL) and global perceived effect (GPE) in adults with NP. METHODS: We searched computerised databases up to May 2014 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing exercise to a control in adults with NP with/without cervicogenic headache (CGH) or radiculopathy. Two reviewers independently conducted selection, data abstraction and assessed risk of bias.

Author(s): 
Gross, A. R.
Paquin, J. P.
Dupont, G.
Blanchette, S.
Lalonde, P.
Cristie, T.
Graham, N.
Kay, T. M.
Burnie, S. J.
Gelley, G.
Goldsmith, C. H.
Forget, M.
Santaguida, P. L.
Yee, A. J.
Radisic, G. G.
Hoving, J. L.
Bronfort, G.
Cervical Overview Group
Publication Title: 
Manual Therapy

BACKGROUND: Neck pain (NP) is disabling and costly. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of exercise on pain, disability, function, patient satisfaction, quality of life (QoL) and global perceived effect (GPE) in adults with NP. METHODS: We searched computerised databases up to May 2014 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing exercise to a control in adults with NP with/without cervicogenic headache (CGH) or radiculopathy. Two reviewers independently conducted selection, data abstraction and assessed risk of bias.

Author(s): 
Gross, A. R.
Paquin, J. P.
Dupont, G.
Blanchette, S.
Lalonde, P.
Cristie, T.
Graham, N.
Kay, T. M.
Burnie, S. J.
Gelley, G.
Goldsmith, C. H.
Forget, M.
Santaguida, P. L.
Yee, A. J.
Radisic, G. G.
Hoving, J. L.
Bronfort, G.
Cervical Overview Group
Publication Title: 
The Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: In 2008, the Neck Pain Task Force (NPTF) recommended exercise for the management of neck pain and whiplash-associated disorders (WAD). However, no evidence was available on the effectiveness of exercise for Grade III neck pain or WAD. Moreover, limited evidence was available to contrast the effectiveness of various types of exercises. PURPOSE: To update the findings of the NPTF on the effectiveness of exercise for the management of neck pain and WAD grades I to III. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Systematic review and best evidence synthesis.

Author(s): 
Southerst, Danielle
Nordin, Margareta C.
Côté, Pierre
Shearer, Heather M.
Varatharajan, Sharanya
Yu, Hainan
Wong, Jessica J.
Sutton, Deborah A.
Randhawa, Kristi A.
van der Velde, Gabrielle M.
Mior, Silvano A.
Carroll, Linda J.
Jacobs, Craig L.
Taylor-Vaisey, Anne L.
Publication Title: 
Spine

STUDY DESIGN: Best evidence synthesis. OBJECTIVE: To identify, critically appraise, and synthesize literature from 1980 through 2006 on noninvasive interventions for neck pain and its associated disorders. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: No comprehensive systematic literature reviews have been published on interventions for neck pain and its associated disorders in the past decade.

Author(s): 
Hurwitz, Eric L.
Carragee, Eugene J.
van der Velde, Gabrielle
Carroll, Linda J.
Nordin, Margareta
Guzman, Jaime
Peloso, Paul M.
Holm, Lena W.
Côté, Pierre
Hogg-Johnson, Sheilah
Cassidy, J. David
Haldeman, Scott
Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Neck pain is one of the three most frequently reported complaints of the musculoskeletal system. Treatments for neck pain are varied, as are perceptions of benefit. Acupuncture has been used as an alternative to more conventional treatment for musculoskeletal pain. This review summarises the most current scientific evidence on the effectiveness of acupuncture for acute, subacute and chronic neck pain. This update replaces our 2006 Cochrane review update on this topic.

Author(s): 
Trinh, Kien
Graham, Nadine
Irnich, Dominik
Cameron, Ian D.
Forget, Mario
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Neck pain is one of the three most frequently reported complaints of the musculoskeletal system. Treatments for neck pain are varied, as are perceptions of benefit. Acupuncture has been used as an alternative to more conventional treatment for musculoskeletal pain. This review summarises the most current scientific evidence on the effectiveness of acupuncture for acute, subacute and chronic neck pain. This update replaces our 2006 Cochrane review update on this topic.

Author(s): 
Trinh, Kien
Graham, Nadine
Irnich, Dominik
Cameron, Ian D.
Forget, Mario
Publication Title: 
The Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) and neck pain and associated disorders (NAD) are prevalent conditions that impact society and impose a significant economic burden on health-care systems. Health economic evidence on WAD and NAD interventions has been sparse: only three economic evaluations of interventions for NAD were identified by the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders (NPTF). An updated overview is needed to inform health-care policy and guidelines.

Author(s): 
van der Velde, Gabrielle
Yu, Hainan
Paulden, Mike
Côté, Pierre
Varatharajan, Sharanya
Shearer, Heather M.
Wong, Jessica J.
Randhawa, Kristi
Southerst, Danielle
Mior, Silvano
Sutton, Deborah
Jacobs, Craig
Taylor-Vaisey, Anne

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